Wilson's idealistic peace plan loses to the
European desire to destroy the German menace
|1. Open covenants of peace...diplomacy in the
2. Absolute freedom of the navigation of the seas
3. Establishment of an equality of trade conditions
4. National armaments reduced to lowest point consistent with domestic safety
5. Absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims
6. The evacuation of all Russian territory...provide opportunity for the independent
determination of her own political development
7. Belgium must be evacuated and restored
8. The wrong done to France in regards to Allsace- Lorraine in 1871 should be righted
9. A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy
10. The peoples of Austria-Hungary should be accorded the freest opportunity for
11. Relations of the Balkan states toward one another should be determined by friendly
counsel along historically-established lines of allegiance and nationality
12. Turkish portions of the Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty
13. A independent Polish state should be erected
14. A general association of nations must be formed with the purpose of affording mutual
guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states
|Article 49 - Germany renounces in favor of the
League of Nations in the capacity of trustee, the government of the territory defined
Article 81 - Germany...recognizes the complete independence of the Czecho-Slovac State...
Article 87 - Germany...recognizes the complete independence of Poland...
Article 119 - Germany renounces in favor of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers all
her rights and titles over her oversea possessions.
Article 159 - The German military forces shall be demobilized and reduced as prescribed
Article 160 - ...not to exceed 100,000 men....officers not to exceed 4,000 men...the Great
German General Staff and all similar organizations must be dissolved and may not be
reconstituted in any form.
Article 198 - The armed forces of Germany must not include any military or naval air
Article 231 - The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the
responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the
Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence
of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies.
Article 233 - The amount of the above damage for which compensation is to be made by
Germany shall be determined by an Inter-Allied Commission...
Article 428 - ...German territory situated west of the Rhine...will be occupied by Allied
and Associated troops for a period of fifteen years for the coming into the present