Vision or Vengeance?

U.S. President's Wilson's 14 Points Excerpts from The Treaty of Versailles
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Wilson's idealistic peace plan loses to the European desire to destroy the German menace

1. Open covenants of peace...diplomacy in the public view

2. Absolute freedom of the navigation of the seas

3. Establishment of an equality of trade conditions

4. National armaments reduced to lowest point consistent with domestic safety

5. Absolutely impartial adjustment of all colonial claims

6. The evacuation of all Russian territory...provide opportunity for the independent determination of her own political development

7. Belgium must be evacuated and restored

8. The wrong done to France in regards to Allsace- Lorraine in 1871 should be righted

9. A readjustment of the frontiers of Italy

10. The peoples of Austria-Hungary should be accorded the freest opportunity for autonomous development

11. Relations of the Balkan states toward one another should be determined by friendly counsel along historically-established lines of allegiance and nationality

12. Turkish portions of the Ottoman Empire should be assured a secure sovereignty

13. A independent Polish state should be erected

14. A general association of nations must be formed with the purpose of affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike
Article 49 - Germany renounces in favor of the League of Nations in the capacity of trustee, the government of the territory defined above.

Article 81 - Germany...recognizes the complete independence of the Czecho-Slovac State...

Article 87 - Germany...recognizes the complete independence of Poland...

Article 119 - Germany renounces in favor of the Principal Allied and Associated Powers all her rights and titles over her oversea possessions.

Article 159 - The German military forces shall be demobilized and reduced as prescribed hereinafter.

Article 160 - ...not to exceed 100,000 men....officers not to exceed 4,000 men...the Great German General Staff and all similar organizations must be dissolved and may not be reconstituted in any form.

Article 198 - The armed forces of Germany must not include any military or naval air forces.

Article 231 - The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Germany accepts the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Germany and her allies.

Article 233 - The amount of the above damage for which compensation is to be made by Germany shall be determined by an Inter-Allied Commission...

Article 428 - ...German territory situated west of the Rhine...will be occupied by Allied and Associated troops for a period of fifteen years for the coming into the present Treaty.