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Summary Assignments Readings Visuals Hints

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... for the Week of January 31, 2000


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Fundamentalism, The Scopes Trial and The Promised Land - READ 21.4

Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) The Harlem Renaissance - Langston Hughes and Louis Armstrong
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) LMC - Research Paper Work Day
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Review The Twenties
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) TEST over Chap. 20 and 21

... for the Week of January 24, 2000


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Intro Research Paper - Decade of Dominance
Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Prohibition - Assign "Dear Parents..." - READ 21.1
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) LMC - Research Paper Work Day - READ 21.2
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Flappers, The Charleston, Changing Lifestyles
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Slice of Life Activity - READ 21.3

... for the Week of January 17, 2000


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Martin Luther King, Jr, Holiday - No School
Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) READ 20.1 - In-Class: Russian Immigrant Testifies and IWW Constitution
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) READ 20.2 - Return to Normalcy - In-class: Sacco and Vanzetti; finish for homework
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) READ 20.3 - Consumerism and Prosperity - The Car
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) QUIZ over Chapter 20

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    Between the end of the Great War and the crash of the Stock Market in 1929, the '20s was a decade marked by mobility, intolerance and contrast.  Americans began a century long migration to the cities and suburbs and the social status of many minorities, including women and black Americans, was on the rise.  But life was far from perfect for many.  Immigrants that had worked for the good of the war, were shunned in favor of returning veterans.   Lynchings of black Americans, was at a post-Civil War high.  The Ku Klux Klan was marching down Constitution Avenue.  The prejudice went as far as to cost two Italians their lives.  On the farms of the midwest, black clouds were forming.   Low prices strangled the bread basket, foreshadowing a tumultuous collapse. Yet in the big city, life was carefree.  Talkies were hitting the local theatres, speakeasies were around every corner and there seemed to be a sitter on every flagpole.   Flappers, Fords and fads dominated the social scene, and Republican presidents set the nation free, letting big business do as they pleased.  America turned its eyes away from foreign troubles, an act that would later have a deadly price.

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A Russian Immigrant Testifies to a group of attorneys investigating the Palmer Raids, 1920.

The IWW Constitution illustrates the ideas of those who were critical of American Democracy.

Sacco and Vanzetti on Trial -   Were they tried and executed for what they did..or who they were?

Documents regarding the changing moral values championed by the new youth.

Dear Parents...an open letter from a Flapper - by Ellen Welles Page, from Outlook Magazine, Dec. 6, 1922

Listen to and learn how to do The Charleston, the dance that defined the decade.

Voice of the Renaissance - Langston Hughes expresses both anger and hope through poetry.

Satchmo Plays the Blues - Hear Louis Armstrong and the birth of Jazz

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rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) If ever there was a symbol for a decade, the flapper was it.  Like the country that created her, the flapper was a free-spririt, driven to explore her new world.  She drove, drank (despite prohibition), smoked, and didn't seem to have a care in the world.   For ten years, like her nation, she lived it up - oblivious to the pitfalls ahead. From Life Magazine, art by John Held, Jr.

rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) The Twenties saw the car become a crucial part of the American culture.  Ford made his Model-T affordable and the prosperity of the '20s made the car a necessity, especially for the flapper.  Taking a drive to the country, like this scene outside of Boston, become typical fare for the growing middle class. rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Black Americans were also on the move - northward.   Trying to escape the grasp of Jim Crow, Blacks initially began heading north at the outbreak of the war.  Good factory jobs were plentiful making war materiel.   This family, just off the train in Chicago, settled in historically-established Black communities on the city's south side.  Chicago still remains a geographically segragated city.
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rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) A popular destination of Black Americans was a neighborhood in New York City's Manhattan borough - Harlem.  A renaissance of literature ,art and music fueled by thousands of migrating Black Americans made Harlem a mecca of Black culture.  Above, The Creation by Aaron Douglass.

rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Though Black Americans were moving, however slowly, up the social ladder, the forces working against them were getting stronger as well.  It wasn't since the first decade after the Civil War that lychings of Black Americans were so widespread.  In 1920, the Ku Klux Klan marched in Washington D.C. with the Capital Building as a backdrop. rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) The intolerance of the 1920s didn't end with the KKK.   The flood of immigrants, especially those from eastern Europe,  scare many Americans.  Some of these "reds" as they were called, brought with them ideas of anarchy and revolution.  Popular belief envisioned "reds" sneaking into America with a torch of anarchy and a knife of Bolshevism.

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rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Their socialist ideas were borne from their economic class - they worked in America's factories and although the Progressive Era made progress towards improving their situation, unions still provided the strength the working class needed. The Industrial Workers of the World championed "The Advancing Proletariat" as illustrated by the cover of this songbook.

rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Another unique aspect of the '20s was Prohibition.   Initially banned in some parts of the country to conserve wheat during the Great War, alcohol as seen by many as the root of many evils, including poverty, violence and infidelity.  In Chicago, a city with a large German population known for its production and consumption of alcohol, federal agents dumped barrels of alcohol into Lake Michigan, 1923

rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Despite Prohibition, Americans found a way to get around the law and many estimate the consumption of alcohol actually went up during the '20s.   Its criminal nature certainly made it more appealing to flappers and their "sheiks" who would do anything if they knew it angered their parents and the older generation.  At left, a man knocks on a door, an eye peers out, and he "speaks easy" to get in.

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rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Called by some an Era of Wonderful Nonsense, the '20s had its share of fads and follies.  One of the most interesting was flagpole sitting.  The man at left was one of 13 people who were flagpole sitting in Baltimore at one time in 1926. Others included wing-walking and marathon dancing (one couple danced for 217 days).

rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Among the crazes was the Charleston, a dance that both thrilled youth and disgusted their parents.  There were many different kinds of the Charleston, each type assimilating with the syncopation of the music.  Learn How to do one type of the Charleston. rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) The '20s were also considered a Golden Age of sports.  The media created heroes, the public idolized them and the economic prosperity of the times allowed Americans the time and money to see them perform.  One of the greatest was "The Galloping Ghost," Harold "Red" Grange, a product of Wheaton, Illinois, who went on to star for the University of Illinois and the Chicago Bears. 

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Chapter 20
Section One Section Two Section Three
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Examples of fear of foreign ideas rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Harding's method/philosophy of normalcy rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Impact of the Automobile
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Reasons the Klan gains power rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes)  Explain Anti-immigrant attitudes in America rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Advertising effect on "consumerism"
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Examples of Labor troubles rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Know the scandals that rock Harding rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) The '20s - a financial house of cards
Chapter 21
Section One Section Two
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Rural and urban changes rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Define the flapper - what made her so?
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) The Noble Experiment - why it worked and why it failed rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Changing aspects of women's employment
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Examples clashes between the old and the new (Science and Religion) rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Change in the life at home
Section Three Section Four
 rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) What do the rise in school attendance, radio and media say about America? rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Reasons for northward migration
 rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Sports Icons - Why did the decade breed their popularity? rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Conditions upon arrival in the north.  What were they greeted by?
 rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Know the artist and authors that defined the decade rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) In terms of Harlem, what was re-born?  What and who did this renaissance produce?


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