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...for the Week of January 10, 2000


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Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Final Exams
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Final Exams
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Final Exams
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) No School

...for the Week of January 3, 2000


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Luther Trial Quiz  - The Protestant Reformation - READ 16.3
Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Trial Work Day
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) A Trial of Martin Luther
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Debrief Trial - Gutenberg - READ 16.4
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) The Counter-Reformation - READ 16.5

...for the Week of December 13, 1999


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Finish The Agony and the Ecstasy
Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) A & E Writing Assignment - Computer Lab
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) The Politics of the Renaissance - Machiavelli's The Prince
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) The Trial of Machiavelli
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Roots of the Reformation

... for the Week of December 6, 1999


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Debrief Test - Intro The Renaissance  - READ 16.1 - Oration on the Dignity of Man
Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) The Renaissance Artists - READ 16.2
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Debrief Art - Begin The Agony and the Ecstasy
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) The Agony and the Ecstasy
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) The Agony and the Ecstasy

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    Following the Crusades, a revived Europe began to flourish again, as cathedrals replaced castles, cities replaced towns and trade replaced agriculture.   When skepticism about the Church its God arose during and after the Black Death, the medieval world was ripe for change.  With artists like Michelangelo leading the way, the free will of mankind surfaced again after a 1,000-year absence.  Reason joined with Faith to form the Renaissance, an artistic and intellectual awakening that broke the western world free from the bonds of feudalism and Christianity.  Art flourished as sculptors and painters expressed their individualism through their works. Humanists expressed the greatness of man and writers chronicled the vast spectrum of emotion first championed by the Greeks.  The final nail in the door of the Middle Ages was struck by Martin Luther, a German monk who challenged the very glue that held the Medieval world together.

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Oration on the Dignity of Man - Pico della Mirondola celebrates free will and choice

The Prince - Niccolo Machiavelli theorizes about political leadership during the Renaissance

The 95 Theses - Luther's shock wave

A Trial of Martin Luther - A German monk challenges the medieval church

Johann Gutenberg - The Man of the Millennium?

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duomo_florence.jpg (13266 bytes) Erasmus.jpg (10063 bytes) machiavelli.jpg (3873 bytes)
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) With wealth from trade and a location on the sea, Florence was the center of the Renaissance.  Bankers like the Medici family funded the arts, including the David, and the Duomo of Florence, the dome shown above. rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Humanists, like Erasmus (above), Petrarch and Mirondola, wrote about the re-birth of the classical Greek and Roman ideals of human ingenuity, spirit and power. rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) New political ideas also emerged and the sharply contrasted the mercy and love preached by the church.  According to Machiavelli, it is better to be feared than loved.
shakespeare.jpg (7145 bytes) luther.jpg (12414 bytes) gutenberg.jpg (12187 bytes)
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Thanks to trade following the Crusades, the Renaissance spread across Europe to England.  Shakespeare's works championed the range of human emotion, recalling the great Greek tragedies and comedies. rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) But the one man who challenged the medieval world more than any other was a German monk whose 95 Theses broke the grip the Catholic church had on Europe.  Martin Luther, like Socrates and Caesar before him, paid a heavy price for his rebellion. rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Yet by many accounts, Luther reformation would not have been possible had it no been for a nearly broke printer from Mainz.  Gutenberg's innovation of movable type, combined with the simplicity of the phonetic alphabet, changed the world forever.

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Chapter 16.1 Chapter 16.2
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Role of Humanism and Art in the Renaissance rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Ideas, like trade and pestilence, spread
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Italy is at the center...why? rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Difference between Northern and Southern (Italian) renaissance
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Florence, Rome and Venice rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Why is Shakespeare a Renaissance man?
Chapter 16.3 Chapter 16.4
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Luther's "justification by faith" rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Protestentism spreads...mainly in the North
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Purpose and impact of indulgences rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Swiss reformers and the radicals
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) 95 Theses and the aftermath rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) How the Reformation effect the English Monarchy?
Chapter 16.5
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) The Catholics strike back - The Inquisition
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Then tries to reform itself - The Council of Trent
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) In the end, who won?  Who lost?

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