The trial will begin with the lead attorneys from both sides (Cardinal Cajetan and
Philip Melanchthon) issuing Opening Statements. The Opening Statement presents the
respective opinions of the prosecution or defense in the case. The Opening Statements are
brief (2-3 minutes) yet give sufficient background information and preview what the jury
will see and hear from their side during the trial. The Opening Statement can also be used
as an opportunity to discredit the opposition. Four (4) attorneys from each side will be
responsible for questioning witnesses. They will need to write up a list of six (6)
questions that reflect both their side in the case and their knowledge of the witness.
Those attorneys need to determine in advance who they will question. Each of the eight (8)
witnesses must be used. It is permissible to work with witnesses before the actual trial.
You may also question a witness you hope to discredit by questioning his or her knowledge
or reasoning. After the attorney finishes questioning a witness, the opponents, as a team,
may cross-examine that witness. They are limited to two (2) questions. Following the
questioning period, one attorney from both sides will issue a Closing Statement. Closing
Statements summarize the case presented and reinforce to the jury the position of the
prosecution or defense. Closing Statements refer to specific events in the trial (like a
response by a certain witness). Those two attorneys need to keep good notes during the
proceedings to ensure the Closing Statement accurately reflects the trial.