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... for the Week of January 17, 2000

Monday

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Martin Luther King, Jr, Holiday - No School
Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Of Culture and Progress - READ 17.1 and Of Culture and Progress
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Exploration Maps - READ 17.3
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) The Commercial Revolution - READ 17.3
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) QUIZ over Chapter 17 and Maps DUE

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    Built upon the ideals of Michelangelo, Machiavelli,  and Mirondola, The Age of Exploration is a natural continuation of the Renaissance - There was more to the world than God, and there was more to the world than Europe.   Nations like Portugal and Spain, facing the Atlantic, raised their flags atop new ships equipped with new tools in search for a new routes and new worlds.   All that was needed was a vision.  Columbus, the "bridge-builder" and Magellan the "circumnavigator," provided that vision while the rising kings and queens of Europe provided the money.

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Of Culture and Progress, a viewpoint of Columbus' landing in the New World; from Howard Zinn, History of the United States

Map of Columbus' First Voyage

Map of Magellan's circumnavigation of the Earth

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columbus.jpg (9563 bytes) magellan.jpg (9992 bytes) caravel.jpg (13976 bytes)
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) He did change the world forever, his impact going way beyond whether or not you beleive he is a "discoverer" of any "New" world or not.  Primarily, Columbus built the bridge between Europe and what was to become North, Central and South America. rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Magellan, too, shattered old notions that lingered through the Middle Ages. Though he did not survive the trip 'round the world, his ship, and his vision, did. rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) This is one of the innovations that made the men at left famous - the caravel ship, a shallow vessel with triangular sails, multiple masts and a stern-mounted rudder.  The caravels were suprisingly small, holding a bare-bnes crew and only enough supplies to last the estimated time of the journey.
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rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Another innovation that fueled exploration was the astrolabe, a device that helped sailors determine their position on the earth.  In reality, the astrolabe was difficult to use, so its accuracy was never better than the patience and skill of the person using it.  That left plenty of room for error. rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Native tribes did not always welcome the arrival of Europeans.  Many resisted, but their efforts only earned them more harsh treatment. Above, Indians pour molten gold down the throat of a Spaniard. rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) The greatest tragedy of exploration was the beginning of the slave trade.  Highly profitable, "black ivory" was valuable cargo. Above, captured Africans were crowded into the hull of a ship in preparation for the often-deadly Middle Passage.

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Chapter 17
Section One Section Two Section Three
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) What was Europe looking for? rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Know which countries went where rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) How did making money become different?
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) What enabled them to succeed? rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) What hardships did each encounter? rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Define and apply "mercantilism"
rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Who sets sail first...and why? rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) The Slave Trade rt_arrow.jpg (780 bytes) Who wins/loses in this revolution?

 

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