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Assignments Summary Readings Visuals Hints

..for the Week of February 28, 2000


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Revolution and Revival - SKIM 21.3 and 21.4 - Is Cromwell a good father figure? Paragraph.
Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) The English Bill of Rights vs. American Bill of Rights
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) 1/2 Day - American Revolution Peom
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) No School
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) No School

...for the Week of February 21, 2000


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No School
Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) QUIZ over The Enlightenment
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Intro Revolutions - Paradise Lost - READ 21.1
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) The Path to English Revolution - READ 21.2
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Death of a King - Begin Cromwell

   Dating back to King John and the first Magna Carta in 1215, the English have a history of distrusting their monarchs.  But as the other kings and queens of Europe began to grow into absolute, rather than limited, monarchies, English rulers begin to realize their weakness.  Trying to usurp the power of Parliament, King James I adheres to divine right. When his son, Charles, follows suit, Parliament, and in particular on puritan member, Oliver Cromwell, take offense.  When Charles refuses to budge, Civil War and execution follow, frightening the rest of Europe.  Though peace and the limited monarchy both return, a haunting precedent had been set:  the people have the power to potentially overthrow the government.

Milton's Paradise Lost - His epic poem offers insight to the roots of revolution

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Believing in divine right, James I disregarded Parliament in favor of advice from God.  Parliament felt ignored and betrayed.

  Charles, whether he knew it or not, would be inheriting a power struggle that would eventually cost him his head.  The relationship between the King and Parliament held elements of dependence, jealousy and stubbornness.  

Cromwell was set to bid England goodbye and head for America.  But a conflict over who has the power over whom, grounded in the fundamental beliefs of the nature of man, lures Cromwell to stay, where he leads the New Model Army in a Civil War with the King.  
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During Civil War, Cavaliers (Charles' supporters), pictured above, took on Roundheads (Cromwell's supporters).  Their hair was an indication of both their class and allegiance. The beheading of Charles I sends shock waves across Europe.  But rather than give in to demands for reform, most monarchs, especially in France, dig themselves in deeper, realizing that any power given to the people could come back to haunt them.

Chapter 21
Section One Section Two
Philosophy of James I Why did people rejoice after the Restoration?
Causes of Civil War, particularly religious What gains did the Revolution make?  What reforms?
What does Cromwell do once he's won? Legacy of political parties - describe them.
Section Three Section Four
Know the basics - role of taxes... ...the significance of Thomas Paine
...of boycotts... ...the Declaration of Independence
...and significance of the Boston Massacre. ...and why the Articles are replaced by Constitution


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