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Summary Assignments Readings Visuals Hints

... for the Week of April 17, 2000

Monday

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End of the Cold War
Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Review
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) TEST over Cold War and Post-War America
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Pleasantville excerpt
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) No School

... for the Week of April 10, 2000

Monday

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Cuban Missile Crisis - READ 27.1
Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Cuban Missile Crisis
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Time and Temp II - READ 27.2
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Intro Post-War America - The Birth of a Boom - READ 27.3
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) 50s Web  --  TEST Wednesday

... for the Week of April 3, 2000

Monday

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Time and Temp - READ 26.3
Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Korean War - READ 26.4
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Korean War and McCarthyism
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) McCarthyism and the Berlin Wall - READ 28.1
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Rivals - Kennedy and Khrushchev

... for the Week of March 20, 2000

Monday

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Finish
Tuesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) World War II
Wednesday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) Intro Cold War - READ 26.1
Thursday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) The decision to drop the Bomb - Assign Iron Curtain - READ 26.2
Friday WB00684_.gif (1100 bytes) The Truman Doctrine

   Dating back to 1917, when Russia embarked on a political journey envisioned by Karl Marx, tensions between the United States and Russia have been tense.  During World War II, the two nations had an uneasy alliance, held together only by their mutual disgust for Hitler and Germany.  But a series of events toward the end of the war actually produced a second conflict that in terms of cost and scope would far surpass the global warfare of 1939-1945.  This new Cold War, one fought in foreign lands, in space and in missile silos across the plains of both nations, would lead both to the brink of Armageddon in the atomic age. Leaders such as Stalin and Truman,

    50s Billboards.jpg (20035 bytes)

Read and Hear the Iron Curtain speech by Winston Churchill

The Truman Doctrine, President Harry Truman

Read and Hear McCarthyism, speeches by Sen. Joe McCarthy

Kennedy and Reagan - The Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall

The Birth of a Boom, America in the 1950s

Listen to a 1950s Chevrolet commercial - "See the USA in Your Chevrolet"

Listen to Reagan try to add a little humor to the Cold War (caught joking on tape before a radio address)

The End of a War, the Cold War winds down

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As the end of the war became more sure, the big three met at Yalta to hammer out the final chapter of the European theatre of war.   Churchill, who would be voted out of office within a month, and Roosevelt, who would die even before that, bent to Stalin's will, relinquishing eastern Europe as a Russian buffer of protection and dividing Germany and the city of Berlin.  Stalin promised in return free elections, a promise that will go unkept.

The first order of business for the Allies following the end of the war was not making the same mistake as WWI.   Promising not to let Germany fall into a state of desperation, America spearheaded the Marshall Plan, a massive relief effort that sent tons of aid to starving Germans and other Western democracies. The first test of the resolve of those western democracies would be in Korea, a nation, like Germany, divided after the war.   When the communist-controlled North invaded across the 38th Parallel in June 1950, the newly-created United Nations reached a critical bridge: remain a spectator or cross the divide the use force to liberate the South.  After invading and Inchon and tempting our fate on the shores of the Yalu,  trapped Marines (top) fought there way out of the frozen Chosin Reservoir, only to have the 38th re-established as the dividing line between North and South in 1953.
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As our frustration with Communism grew, so did our anger.  With the nation riding a tide of McCarthyism, the Rosenbergs were sentenced to death for treason, an illustration as to the depth of the national hatred for "the enemy."

But real fear of the Russians did not reach its peak until 1958, when they launched a tiny orbital into space.  Long believing the American way of life fostered innovation and progress, the United States was stunned when the Russians successfully orbited Sputnik around the Earth.  Immediate changes in math and science education followed.  You can thank the Russians for homework.

 

The real fear that Sputnik spawned was that of an atomic weapon, sent from Russia, that could drop from the sky.  The Russians proved they had the know-how to do it.  As much as the Pledge and recess, "duck and cover" drills became a part of the school day.
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Following Stalin's death in 1955, Nikita Khrushchev began his reign in Russian with an open mind toward America. He believed, after all, that war was

His construction of the Berlin Wall marked the fruition of an Iron Curtain. While Churchill spoke of this line that marked the boundaries of freedom and oppression, NATO made them clear.  The wall made it final.  The ironic picture at right shows the elaborate defensive features of the wall. The wall became the site for one of John F. Kennedy's most famous speeches.  "Ich bin ein Berliner," claimed Kennedy, boasting of his support for the free people of West Berlin.  But harsher words would follow, as reconnaissance photos show Russian missiles 90 miles from Florida.
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For 5 days in October of 1962, the world hung in the balance as the two superpowers stared one another down, eyeball to eyeball.  Khrushchev blinked, as Kennedy quarantine effectively stifled the Russians.

For the remainder of the 60s, as American attention was continually drawn toward Vietnam, the "war" between America and Soviets headed toward a new frontier: Space.  Both fascinating and frightening, rockets and spaceships became the obsession of small children and a glimmer of progress in a troubling decade. Besides the stars, America's soul hit the road.  With roots in the 1920s, our love of the car and the freedom it gave us greatly contrasted the foreign tensions that loomed over us.   Cars like the 1958 Impala allowed America to "See the USA in Your Chevrolet."

Chapter 26
Section One Section Two
Root of the Cold War - From friend to foe... 1949 - 1 billion people change sides - How did America respond?
Containment and the Truman Doctrine The Forgotten War in Korea
The "Plan" to save Europe heats up a Cold War Stalemate, Peace and the 38th Parallel...again.
Section Three Section Four
Chinese Revolution + Russian A-Bomb = McCarthyism Brinkmanship raises the stakes - fight fire with fire
Spy Rings validate the Sen. from Wisconsin Khrushchev, Sputnik...then U-2
Why do his own tactics bring him crashing down? An infuriated Khrushchev orders missiles to Cuba
Chapter 27.1 Chapter 27.2
Levittown and the Suburban Dream Just what was the American Dream? - "Conform or be cast out."
How did Suburbia define family roles? Salk, Spock and Sports Illustrated
Truman faces a troubled economy...yet still wins in '48 Cars, Consumers and Baby Carriages

 

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