...for the Week of September 6, 1999
...for the Week of August 30, 1999
...for the Week of August 23, 1999
||First Day of Classes
||History and Progress - Drawing Analysis DUE
||The Geography of Ancient Egypt -
Read 2.1 - Complete Venn Diagram
Clinging to a thread of life that both preserved and protected, the
Ancient Egyptians built their enduring world from the geography that surrounded
The nourishing Nile and the unforgiving deserts of northeastern Africa cradled this early
civilization. With these gifts of nature, the Egyptians built a prosperous empire
that went virtually unchanged for nearly 4,000 years, from the
Great Pyramids at Giza to
the boy-king Tuthankhamen. To understand Egypt, understand its geography. From
the land and water around them, the Egyptians found answers and solutions to life's most
basic questions, ranging from "What's for dinner," to "Where do I go when I
die?" When a 19th-century archeological dig produced a stone that allowed
historians to translate hieroglyphic writing, the Ancient Egyptians came to life,
everything from their political structure to their ways of war. Though countless
others walked the earth before the Egyptians, none left us such a legacy of who they were,
what they believed and how they did things. If we were to write a book about how we
became the people we are today, Ancient Egypt would be Chapter One.
Hymn to Ra - an an ancient prayer to the sun god
How to Mummify a Pharoah - A do-it-yourself guide
The Myth of Osiris - a foundation for life in Ancient Egypt
The Egyptian Gods - A guide
Understand the geography of northeastern Africa,
and you understand the foundation upon which the Ancient Egyptians constructed their
world. The Nile River gave the Egyptians everything they wanted; from as simple as a
water supply to the more complex idea of life after death. Flowing northward from
the high central plains, the river flooded annually (the inundation) breathing life in an
otherwise inhospitable corner of the world. Two deserts and the Red Sea protected
their world, while the Nile provided for it.
|| Egypt was unified under King Narmer, shown in
the center of the palette above. Narmer, wearing a crown similar to a bowling pin,
united Upper and Lower Egypt into one kingdom, setting into cycle the Old Kingdom, a
theocratic form of government and the dynastic ruling structure that lasted nearly three
|| Our significant knowledge of Egypt can be traced to
the Rosetta Stone, a translation of hieroglyphs left by the Egyptians themselves.
This one tablet, opened the door to a near-eternity of Egyptian life
| The life of an Egyptian, however, revolved
around Osiris and the underworld over which he presided. The Myth of Osiris dominated Egyptian thought.
|| Egypt was a theocracy - a society in which the
political leader also was believed to have divine qualities. At left, the
step-pyramid a Saqquara, believed by many to be the first attempt at stacking burial
chambers called mastabas. These highly-regarded (and often robbed) burial chambers
served as weigh stations for the mummified body, to be visited occasionally by the Ka.
|| The importance of the passage from life to death,
especially for Egyptian royalty, is demonstrated by the Great
Pyramids at Giza. Built during the Old Kingdom, their size, scope and purpose is
unprecedented in the Ancient world.
| The Ka was like a soul, or spirit double that
frequented the resting place of the physical body. It was important that the Ka be
able to recognize the correct body so that ma'at could be maintained.
|| The most powerful of
pharaohs was Ramses II, shown
above with Egyptian enemies is his grasp. Ramses II lived 92 years, fathering 52
sons, endearing him as a god to his people.
|| The most famous
pharaoh was Tuthankhamen, a
boy-king who died before he was 25. His list of accomplishments was short and shallow, but
the discovery of his relatively untouched tomb shed a great deal of light on Egyptian
Egypt - Gift of the Nile...WHY? What gifts did nature give to the Egyptians?
What were the primary characteristics of each of the three kingdoms of Egypt?
Everyday life in Egypt revolved around their religion and social structure. Be able
to describe it.