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Witnesses
Karl Marx
Adam Smith
Sir Robert Peel
David Ricardo
Charles Dickens
Sarah Carpenter
Charles Darwin
George Hudson
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
David Rowland
Karl Marx
  Marx diagnosed capitalism's disorders and eventual demise. He saw history as a continuing struggle among social classes. According to Marx, capitalism was a wicked economic system. The division of labor was responsible for egoism because it created the system of private property. As Marx put it in Capital: "Capitalism mutilates the laborer into a fragment of a man, degrades him to the level of an appendage to a machine, destroys every remnant of charm in his work and turns it into a hated toil; it estranges from him the intellectual potentialities of the labor process in the same proportion as science is incorporated in it as independent power." According to Marx, the dirty little secret is that money is made by purchasing labor-power as cheaply as possible so that the goods produced by it command more in the marketplace than they cost to produce. The only way that could be done is by exploiting wage labor. This, according to Marx, is capitalism's "magic." As Marx sees it, capitalism sows the seeds of its own destruction. In its ceaseless quest for profit it continues to generate more and more proletariat class members. In time the proletariat will become conscious of itself as a class and lead the revolution, which will overthrow the bourgeois class. This will occur when capitalism reaches its natural limit. The conditions will then be right for an economic revolution, whereby the proletariats or workers will overthrow the bourgeoisie class. This will usher in the age of communism. Humans will then relate to each other not as means of production but as fellow members of a genuinely human community, each possessing multiple skills, any of which can be employed as the occasion arises to serve the needs of the community.
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